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                              Page .1.          12-MAR-2004
L. Anna Ballard, M.D.
Pioneer Woman Doctor in Lansing, Michigan

Edited by D La Pierre Ballard
Copyright (c) 2000-2002 by D La Pierre Ballard
We pay homage, and justly, to great statesmen and heroes, but the home
is the center of all noble impulses and influences. If there is anyone
in the wide world who deserves the plaudits of humanity it is the
mother, wise, tender, patient and faithful, not only to her own but to
all about her as well.
The above paragraph was written in 1922 by the editor's great great
aunt, Dr. L. Anna Ballard, who though she never married and did
not have children of her own, helped raise the editor's grandfather,
Frederick Eugene Ballard. Additionally, in the 1890's she
singlehandedly convinced the legislature of the state of Michigan to
pass laws giving greater protection to abused women and children. She
was the only physician in Michigan willing to testify in court
regarding injuries to women and children sustained through abuse. She
did all of this in the Victorian age when most people refused to even
talk about such matters.

We had always heard that she was a true heroine, but we never knew how
much she had really accomplished.
Much of the Ballard family information which has come from family
sources has come from Suzanne Ballard Sell. She has also pointed
out several improvements to make this webpage more accurate.
Please feel free to quote or copy from this webpage for non-commercial
usage only. Also, feel free to link to this webpage.
This webpage was created using the software program FIXRAN.TEA which
was written in the Teapro Scripting Language and which runs on the
Teapro Interpreter Program TEAPRO.EXE for Windows.
This work contains writings by Dr. L. Anna Ballard and information
about her remembered by her family.

Most of the included information was provided by Cousin Ann and by
Cousin Suzanne Ballard Sell.

Cousin Ann, Cousin Suzanne and the Editor have all their lives
heard from their previous generation family members about the
greatness of their great great aunt, Dr. L. Anna Ballard.

It is believed that the never used first name of Dr. L. Anna
Ballard was Lydia. Her father, Appleton Ballard, had a sister
by that name.
                              Page .2.          12-MAR-2004
CHAPTER: 001: To: Judiciary Committee of Michigan Legislature
The following is a speech which L. Anna Ballard delivered in 1887
to a joint meeting of the Judiciary Committee of the Michigan
Legislature. The speech so impressed one of the members of that august
body that he had it printed and distributed. For some years a search
has been under way to find a copy of it. Cousin Ann discovered the
copy from which this record is made.
A Plea by Dr. L. Anna Ballard, Lansing, Michigan, at the joint
meeting of the Judiciary Committee of Michigan Legislature, 1887.
Gentlemen of the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of

I come before you to-day representing the State Department for the
Protection of Social Purity of the Women's Christian Temperance Union.

We are supported in the hearing of our petition for raising the age of
consent to 18 years of age, by the highest moral interests of the
State, by the highest educational interests of the State, and by the
great home interests of the State.

Gentlemen, you may feel that we have been unduly importunate and
distrustful of your action upon this bill. Let me say to you that we
wish simply to assure you that the women of our State, as the women of
every State in the nation, are intensely interested in this measure,
and feel it their duty to use their influence to the uttermost to
right this great wrong. Neither do I confine the interest upon this
measure to the women, whom we have the honor to represent. All good
and true men, we believe are equally as concerned in just legislation
upon this question, and though we come petitioning and importuning we
are confident that you gentlemen, as well as the majority of the
honorable members of our legislature, are not only willing but anxious
that the law upon this question shall be adjusted upon a right basis.

We do not come as antagonists. We come as mothers, wives, sisters and
daughters. We come to you as we go to our fathers and brothers, asking
that our wish and needs may be expressed and considered in those
things in which our interests as well as yours, and yours equally as
ours, are concerned, but over which you have exclusive power. We
believe we are beings capable of intelligence and common sense, and I
do not suppose any amount of ridicule would convince us that we are
the sentimentalists we are reputed as being. We believe, also that
equally with you we hold dear to us the good of our commonwealth, and
of our race. The moral integrity of our country is alike sacred to us
as to you, and we have no wish or intention to be one-sided in this or
on any other subject under your consideration.

We believe it is our duty and our aim, as we trust it is yours, to so
protect and hedge about the virtue and moral integrity of the people
of our State that they may the more easily grow into virtuous men and
                              Page .3.          12-MAR-2004
women. Mr. Gladstone says, "it is the provision of government to
make it easy to do right and difficult to do wrong," and when we ask
that the age at which a girl can legally consent to her own ruin shall
be placed at 18 years, we are asking that so far as law can effect it,
you will make it more difficult than at present for licentious men to
entice young girlhood from a path of virtue. We do not expect that all
licentiousness can be expunged from our social fabric by means of
legislation, but we do believe that crimes are lessened when there are
adequate penalties for the violation of law relating to crimes. We
believe there is less robbery because there is a penalty for stealing;
and we believe there will be less licentiousness, there will be fewer
girls enticed into lives of degradation if the law affixes a just
penalty for such crimes.

When you remember the frequent outrages committed against defenseless
girlhood, do you wonder that mothers want more stringent laws, laws by
which the offender may in some degree be punished? It is a fact that
there is seldom a girl who takes her first wayward step after 18 or 20
years of age. The ranks of that heart sickening procession of girlhood
that has been ruined by persuasion, and is marching to that most
infamous and relentless of all prisons, the brothel, is constantly
being reinforced from the class of girls between the ages of 14 and 18

Gentlemen, the mothers of this country have their eye upon the
brothel. They regard it as an influence such as Washington Gladden
characterizes as an unsocial force, a power that is menacing the
happiness of the home life; and they are intently studying this
problem: How best to "lend a hand" to the inmates of this institution
and lead them to a respected and useful life, and also, how they may
cut off the supply that fills it. They believe that the condition of
civilization that tolerates such an institution is an unnatual, yes, a
monstrous one! The heart and brain of womanhood are peering out from
the home nest to learn what influence is blighting the aspiration and
the hopes of the home and nullifying its teaching among the boys. We
enter this plea for this change in our laws as much to guard and hedge
about the purity of the boys as to protect the girls from older
offenders who under present statutes nearly always escape punishment.
We have been taught that if women are not virtuous men will not be,
but we have also learned another maxim, that if men are not virtuous
women cannot be. If there is a laxity in the moral sentiment of one
sex it will pray upon the other and drag it to its level.

We would aim both by home teaching and statute teaching to strengthen
the moral sentiment of our people. We are told that the laws of a
country reflect the opinions and feelings of the people. If this be
so, if the law teaches that "the virtue of a girl is her own affair
only, a fair prey to any one who can win it, a treasure to be guarded
at her peril, and its loss entailling a penalty upon her alone," if
the law teaches this by laying the responsibility of her ruin upon her
consent during her minority, then that sentiment will prevail among
men and boys. It is this widespread sentiment that mothers are seeking
to change and thus protect both sons and daughters alike.

The law reflects the sentiment of the people in regard to its
sacredness of property. Is the property of a girl during her minority
                              Page .4.          12-MAR-2004
more sacred to the State than her person? Is wealth of more value to
the State than virtue? Which should be the best guarded to secure the
highest good of the race? A father dies and leaves to his daughter of
14 years a small property. Does the State presume that she is capable
of taking care of that property and leave her to use it as her own
feelings and judgments dictate. Not at all! It appoints a guardian,
and it hedges about that guardian by penalties for misuse of this
property. Do you suppose that fewer guardians misappropriate the
moneys in their hands because of such laws? Why does the State thus
hedge about and protect the property of your daughters? Because it
holds that she is not capable of fully realizing consequences or of
resisting influences, and therefore by its penalties it protects the
guardian from temptation as well as the property from misuse. If your
girl of 14 is not capable of realizing the consequences of the misuse
of her property, is she capable of realizing the consequences of the
misuse of her person? and is she capable of resisting unwise
influences that may play upon her immature emotions? If it is wisdom
to protect her property during what it pleases to call her minority,
is it not greater wisdom to protect her virtue, by laying penalties
upon the one who violates it?

But we will suppose your daughter is between 14 and 18 years of age.
She is coming in contact with the outside world. She knows nothing of
herself. The boy of 16 is far more wise in knowledge of himself and of
the ways of the world than the girl of the same age. She is, however,
confident in her trust in herself. She is equally trustful of others,
and believes every fair word. Her physical organization is passing
through that delicate process of development in which new energies and
emotions are awaking. She knows not her power and is not liable to use
it, but she is very susceptible of influence. There is much talk of
fixing the "age of consent" at 14 years, because young people come
into their development at this age. What a mistake. Rather the
development begins then. No stage of physical development is abrupt.
It is a gradual unfolding, and only in its maturity is it fully
capable of discharging its functions. Any influence that forces
development hastens decay. Has the State no responsibility in the
development of her young people? We believe it should be the aim of
the State to aid the home incluence by protecting the young people
until they develop into the strength and beauty of true manhood and

This law upon the "age of consent" has rested unmolested upon the
statute books of this State for fifty years. Three years ago Dr.
DeCasta, rector of St. John's church, N.Y., sought to permeate the
sentiment of public opinion with the belief that a change was needed
for the sake of the morality of youths, as well as for protection for
girls. About two months ago we circulated these petitions, asking that
this legislature should make the change to 18 years. We have had both
the highest clerical and legal authority for this step. This bill that
was introduced into the Senate on Friday last was framed by Hon. C. I.
Walker, and in the hands of the judiciary committee of that body,
or of the gentleman who introduced the bill, is a letter from Judge
Walker endorsing this change. We have also the petition by signature
of about 10,000 of the best men and women of our State. We who are
equally interested with you in this measure do not understand the
necessity for hasty action upon it. The public, and even the members
                              Page .5.          12-MAR-2004
of this legislature, are just waking up to an understanding of it.

Gentlemen of the judiciary committee, we would respectfully ask that
you will amend the bill now in the House committee, making it read 18
years, and that both the judiciary committees of the Senate and of the
House will recommend to your respective bodies that the law be so
changed as to raise the age of consent to 18 years. We also ask that
you do not hasten action upon this measure, but that you give
opportunity for intelligent consideration of it by the members of the
CHAPTER: 002: DANGER TO OUR GIRLS by L. Anna Ballard
The following pamphlet was furnished by Cousin Ann and was sent to
the editor by Cousin Suzanne Ballard Sell. The paragraphs in the
original were so long that they were broken into smaller paragraphs by
the editor. There is not a date of any kind included in the pamphlet.
     Leaflets for Mothers' Meetings.
                  No. 4
      Blessed are the pure in heart
    for they shall inherit the earth.

          L. Anna Ballard, M.D.

         PRICE, 50 CENTS PER 100.
Woman's Temperance Publication Association

           Danger to Our Girls
          L. Anna Ballard, M.D.

"The fountain cannot rise highter than its source." The weal of
humanity rests so heavily upon womanhood, and its life depends so much
upon the activities and integrity of woman, that we must guard well
this spring of the life of our race. A pure and bright girlhood, a
strong and noble womanhood, an intelligent and watchful motherhood --
these are the conditions that must be kept inviolate or we shall cut
ourselves off from our birthright as "children of the king." Either we
have never risen to our best estate in these conditions or we have
fallen from it.

Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, of London, says, "The failure of young
women of any country to embody the beauty and strength of virtue is
one of the most serious evils that can befall a state." We will not go
over the history of the past to learn if we ever reached nearer the
perfect woman than we do now; we will accept the simple fact that
to-day there are dangers surrounding the girls, and they are largely
growing into womanhood robbed of their power in integrity,
self-reliance, and reserve. We must try to learn what these dangers
                              Page .6.          12-MAR-2004
are, and try to overcome them, and place in their stead those
wholesome influences about girlhood that shall help it to rise to the
full tide of womanly energy. We are convinced that these dangers do
not come as the natural outgrowth of civilization, and the expanding
of the opportunities of womankind. Indeed, enlarged opportunities, an
expanded life, should build up a larger character, should inspire
greatness of soul. The outlook for womanhood to-day should help to
hold it closer to the divine heart, and to the divine plan in the
upbuilding of character.

Dr. Sarah Hackett Stevenson tells us that "the childhood of this
generation is crying out 'Educate my mother.'" The childhood of the
next generation will cry in a still louder voice, unless certain
traits that are growing into the shadow of woman to-day are uprooted,
and better ones implanted. We have learned in the study of heredity,
that any class of influences will in time develop a certain trait of
character. This is a blessed guarantee to us that if we are diligent
in setting in motion good influences, we may outstrip the evil and
bridge over the dangerous places. "It is ours to do: the results are

We little realize how much the circumstances under which the young
girl comes into this life have to do in her shaping her character; and
we do not sufficiently consider the strong bent given an individual
life during this period in which all its growth and all its
impressions come from the mother. To illustrate: in the character of
women we have often to deplore the frivolity, the extravagance, and
the monstrosity in their dress. How much of these traits were formed
in the first months of the young life by the intense concentration of
all the powers of the mother-heart and brain upon the intricacies and
minutiae of an elaborate wardrobe? Not alone in houses of wealth, but
among most well-to-do people, how often we find the mother more
absorbed in the baby's outfit than in the qualities of heart and mind
which she alone can give it! Let me charge you with the words of
Frances E. Willard: "Put your wealth into the arteries, store it
away in the brain cells and heart fibres of your children."

To reap the greatest good of our civilization, and to make the most of
the vast opportunities offered, we need to get back to simplicity of
tastes and habits. We can never do this by cultivating in the girls,
either before birth or after, tastes for elaborate dress or
surroundings, cravings for luxury and ease, by being intensely
absorbed in them ourselves. We have too much of this restless,
desponding craving, that impresses the moral constitution with a lack
of stability of character, instead of that sterling self-reliance that
we need to help the intellect to perceive right from wrong. We should
also shun any influences that tend to dwarf or belittle mind, soul or

As a general rule, "as the girl is, so will the woman be." Few are
able to outgrow or grow above defect in early training. It is a
notable fact in the history of families as well as of nations, that it
is during the "hard times" that the hardy characters are developed.
Ease and luxury tend to effeminacy, and do not give us strength to
"endure hardness as a good soldier." Cannot the mother-heart be
impressed that it is safer and easier to form character right than to
                              Page .7.          12-MAR-2004
reform it? Habit is a controlling force in human character. Vice or
virtue, indulgence or industry, self-reliance or dependence, are
elements of character established both by hereditary impress and by
individual conduct and training.

Miss Peabody formulated this thought when she said, "We can learn
goodness by being good." So industry and self-reliance become
permanent traits of character by training the child in these virtues.
Some one has said, "Habits are moulds into which the plastic spirits
are run, shaping the character." Are mothers mindful of this when they
always sew on the buttons and darn the little breaks in the stockings,
while the daughter, it may be far in her teens, pours out her
vitality, exhausting her nerve energy, weakening and dissipating her
mental faculties over an exciting novel, or promenading the streets?

There is no better way to make a better housekeeper of a girl than to
train her to keep her own room in a neat and orderly manner. When and
where do mothers expect their girls to learn the minutiae of home
making, if not in their girlhood and under the kindly instruction of
the mother? It is becoming a far too general custom with mothers for
insufficient reasons to excuse the girls from any care of their
clothing or rooms.

Let us note some of the results of this lack of home training. In the
first place, all our faculties are developed by exercise, and any
failure in this development dwarfs our powers and limits our
possibilities for usefulness. Secondly, a life of healthful exercise
by directing the life forces to the development of the muscular system
and the enlarging of the mind, represses the activity of the nervous
forces which control the emotional nature and thus prevents the
premature activity of the sexual system.

As a rule, boys and girls who live in the country mature later than
those accustomed to the excitement of city life. The very early
awakening of the emotional nature is in every way prejudicial to the
well being of the young. Such awakening is at the expense of the
integrity of nerve and muscle which need these early years for their
maturity, before the life forces are so prominently directed to other
channels. Dr. Kellogg in "Plain Facts," says, "Whatever occasions
premature sexual development also occasions premature decay."

A third serious result of bringing up girls to idleness and dependence
is their failure to become good housekeepers and home makers. One of
the most blighting spectacles, and one of the greatest perils to the
home lies in the lack of preparation among girls for the home life.
When order and thrift and economy are not known in the home, happiness
and virtue will not long abide.

In the words of that noble English woman, Frances Power Cobbe,
"Till you lift womanhood itself, you will never arrest--nay, you will
never importantly diminish the dreadful curse, the great sin of great
cities." The salvation of man must come through woman. She must know
her power to attract and to hold in every good way and work, and must
know how to exercise it. Marrying for a home is not a motive that will
inspire women to their best efforts or grandest virtues. We do not
mean that no responsibility rests upon men for the purity of the home.
                              Page .8.          12-MAR-2004
Neither do we mean that fathers and mothers have not need to be
watchful of the boys and more helpful to them. But because the girls
of to-day are the mothers of to-morrow, the dangers that touch them
touch not them alone.

The fourth result of not training girls to be self-reliant and helpful
is the saddest of all. The uncertainties and changes of life make it
just as needful that the daughter of the richest, as well as of the
poorest , should know how to care for herself, and to what she can
turn her hand to earn an honest living. A training that develops skill
in labor of any class is a tower of strength to a girl before
temptation. A lack of any industrial training is a direct
leading-string to sin and crime.

This statement is amply illustrated by this fact given by Frances E.
Willard in her annual address at the National Convention at
Minneapolis. She says, "Of eight hundred and seventy girls and women
who were arrested and lodged in one police station, in one month, in
Chicago, only one hundred and thirty of them could sew or do
housework, and none of them had ever learned a trade."

Nothing, except the grace of God, has more power than industry and
self-reliance to keep us true to ourselves in the midst of temptation.

It is not enough to train girlhood in these strong and helpful
virtues. There are yet other dangers in their pathway, which too often
blast the fond hope of the mother heart in the lovely young womanhood,
and narrow the usefulness of promising lives. Is there not something
wrong when girls grow up with a lack of reserve and self respect! Time
was when the bold, flashy, flirting girl was the exception, upon whom
other girls looked with a shudder, abashed and astonished. Is she the
exception now? Is not the lack of a true knowledge of themselves and
their high and holy mission the enemy that robs them of their reserve?

Motherhood is a precious word, and a precious relation; but it is
overwhelming in its responsibility. To train the young life through
innocence into virtue is a mission that not every mother has yet
dreamed of as hers. Too much is expected of girls, as well of boys,
without training. Parents seem to expect the young to grow into
virtue, somehow, without any guidance respecting the most important
and mystical faculty of their organism. Ignorance of selfhood is a
constant pitfall to youth. Ignorance of self and its faculties is not
virtue. Virtue is a strong power. Self-control must include knowledge
of self also.

The highest human faculty is that of sex in its mental and physical
powers. It is the one most closely related to individual life, and to
all social life. There is no faculty more subject to the will and the
mind, and none in which there is so great need for intelligent
control. Without the restraining and intelligent guidance of the will,
this one faculty may so enslave the being as to dwarf all other
powers, and make an imbecile of the brightest intellect, or turn the
finest nature into a satanic character. This is not because this
faculty is a low order of our being. It is a great and noble force,
adding grace and beauty and strength to human character. It is
ennobling or degrading as it is developed under control of reason and
                              Page .9.          12-MAR-2004
helpful influences, or as the individual follows, unguided, the heat
of every sensation, naturally developed, or unnaturally stimulated.
Should a child be left unguided, with the possibilities of such power
within us?

Not only the individual but nations and races deteriorate that follow
a low standard of morals. Nations have lost their greatness, in moral
degradation, for lack of wise guidance in the individual sexual life.
All greatness rests upon virtue; and the nature that is left to follow
its own sensations, to find out its own knowledge of itself, will be
more easily drawn into vice than virtue.

"Moral development," says Dr. Blackwell, "must keep pace with the
intellectual, or the race degenerates." Any influence that degrades
sex in the mind of a people degrades the moral standard of that
people. The high character of this faculty renders neglect of the
right training of the individual the more dangerous. It is a
physiological fact, that every faculty naturally develops and matures
in a certain order. That order is maintained by the growth of the
organ through which the faculty finds expression. The individual will
descend in the scale of being unless the order is preserved. Any
deviation from it, any forcing, or stimulating of a faculty, not only
weakens and blights it, but, by diverting nutrition, robs all other
faculties of their full development in strength and completeness.

Each new faculty of life forces has a dormant or formative period, but
its active growth is marked by certain series of sensations. The
beginning of sexual activity is thus marked by a predominance of
sensations and emotions which need controlling by a wise influence. In
that guidance should be exhibited the influence of the parent. The
young life should not be left to judge of its own sensations. It would
be quite as rational to leave the infant to follow its own instincts
in the selection of food, or in the adjustment of its relations with
its fellow beings, as to leave the youth, untaught and uncontrolled,
at the mercy of his sensations as the sexual faculty is developing. It
is in the light of the experience of one generation, given to the one
succeeding, that advancement is made in social life.

Dr. Blackwell tells us that, "it is not right laws, nor formal
instruction that is needed, but the formative power of loving insight
and sympathy." The great privilege of the parent is to be the
confidant and counselor of the child, to whom it may freely turn with
all it questionings. With the sacredness of the maternal instinct upon
her, the mother, with tender and reverent heart, may well be the agent
for conveying such instruction to the young.

Do you ask, "If mothers do not comprehend the high and noble character
of sex, in its dual nature of mental and physical power, how shall
they teach their children?" We can only answer, responsibility and
penalty do not stop because of the ignorance of any who may stand in
the line of that responsibility. The perils and dangers only deepen
and multiply with every successive generation, until, in the terrible
prevalence of vice and crime, the duty is seen, and by the power of
the parent the race is brought back to its high estate in self
knowledge and self control. The knowledge of good and evil is in the
world. If the mother, unthinking or indifferent, or incompetent, fails
                              Page .10.          12-MAR-2004
to set the one before her child, there are influences that will freely
give it the other. Have we lost the thought that parentage means
something more than the simple bringing of life into the world? Have
we forgotten that the soul has little to be thankful for in the gift
of life, unless the tiny bud of character is opened by true knowledge
and right influences into its full bloom and beauty?

The power and influence of woman have not reached their zenith, but
are expanding with every decade as she sees her duty before her, and
especially for her children she will reach to her utmost power. In the
words of Dr. Blackwell, "To be wise, knowledge of truth is
essential, and the adult woman, the center of the home influences,
must acquire correct knowledge of all subjects that concern family
life. A woman is mother always, not only of the infant, but of the
growing and grown man. The high influence which women are intended to
infuse into sex makes the subject a holy one to the wise mother. She
can approach in moments of sacred earnestness which would wound no
natural reserve, but excite a grateful reference in the young mind."

Through the dependent years the child looks to the mother for comfort,
and explanations of all things. In this confidence may it not always
be held? May not the affection of the mother hold the daughter from
early seeking outside the home for expressions of love, that are more
liable to stimulate to premature development the latent faculty? Can
she not, while watching and guiding the physical growth, also direct
in self-respecting habits? "The key of moral education is respect for
the human body and its faculties." The intelligent mother is careful
to guide in the intellectual training of the young; shall she not be
quite as anxious about the unfolding of the emotional nature?

I cannot refrain from again quoting to you the weighty words of

"An invaluable provision for the education in the principle of sex
exists in the companionship of brothers and sisters. The familiar
intercourse of boys and girls in the kindly presence of their elders
is of a very great advantage. The friendship and affection of these
natural associates should be sedulously promoted by companionship in
studies, in music, in out-door pursuits and amusements. There is
peculiar value in the influence of sisters. It is a special mission of
young women to make virtue lovely. To make brothers love virtue, to to
make all men love purity through its incarnation in virtuous
daughters, is a grand work to accomplish. The necessity of cultivating
mental purity and respect for the principles of sex, exists as
strongly in relation to girls as to boys; and it is only by securing
this mental purity that young women will unconsciously address
themselves to the high, rather than to the lower instincts, of their
male companions."

The above is from "The Moral Education of the Young", by Dr. Elizabeth

Does not the mother betray her daughter, and future generations as
well, when she accepts a double standard of morals, and for material
advantage consents to her union with a profligate or licentious man:
or, when she sends her into her new home, it may be with an elaborate
                              Page .11.          12-MAR-2004
wardrobe, or richly endowed with material goods, but without actual
counsel upon the responsibility concerning the new life and
relationship, and without forecasting to her the duties of maternity?

Aye, the pathway of girls, as well as boys, is hedged with dangers
from the cradle to the grave; and with the inherited tendencies
entangling them it seems well nigh hopeless to think of holding them
in the pathway of moral rectitude. But woman is coming to the rescue.
She is beginning to realize her power, and is rising grandly to the
new conception of the Divine plane of human life; and when the
motherhood of the race takes a forward step, all humanity must follow,
all social life must be elevated. There is hope and courage in the
fact that woman is hanging out the signal lights, and stationing
sentinels at the pitfalls; that the thoughts of a degraded womanhood
no longer finds her indifferent, but rather, with all her love and
pity aroused, seeking to turn the wayward into straighter paths, and
to keep the tender feet of the little ones away from the thorns and

1. My Little Sister & Teaching Pitch,      Ellice Hopkins
2. Is It Natural? & Who Holds the Rope,    J. E. H.
3. The Apocalypse of Evil,                 Ellice Hopkins
4. Blood Guiltiness,                       Rev. J. M. Horsley
5. Buried Seed,                            Ellice Hopkins
6. An Evil Tradition,                      Rev. A. G. Butler
7. What Can We Do?                         Ellice Hopkins
8. Black Anchor,                           Ellice Hopkins
9. Little Kindnesses,                      Ellice Hopkins
10. The Man with the Drawn Sword,          Ellice Hopkins

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embodies all that is necessary to form White Cross organizations,
gives form of the constitution, methods of work, etc. It is the first
of a series which will be edited throughout by Miss Willard, and
will be known by the distinctive and beautiful white cross design, in
two colors, prepared by Miss Mary A. Lathbury.
Price, each.....................................$ .03
Price, 100 copies................................2.00

A Life of Wm. T. Stead.
Price each......................................$ .05
Price, per 50 copies.............................2.25
Price, per 100 copies............................4.00

White Cross Bible Book-Mark (pledge.)

In three colors. On cardboard -- each, 5 cents; 10 for 35 cents; 25
for 50 cents. On heavy white satin ribbon, 10 cents each; 3 for 25
                              Page .12.          12-MAR-2004

Social Purity Pledges
White Cross, (two colors,)........per 100.......$ .50
White Cross Folders, handsome design, per 100....1.00
Silver Cross,   "        "       "       "    ...1.00
White Shield,   "        "       "       "    ...1.00
Daughters of the Temple,         "       "    ...1.00
Samples, 2 cents each, per 100...................1.00

The W.T.P.A., 161 La Salle St., Chicago

1. Letter of Ellice Hopkins to the Women of America.
2. Predisposing Causes,                  Kate Lindsay, M.D.
3. Early Perverting Influences,          Irma A. Jones
4. Danger to Our Girls,                  L. Anna Ballard, M.D.
5. Dress and Vice,                       Frances E. Willard
6. Pitfalls for our Boys,                J. H. Kellogg, M.D.
7. Narcotics,                            Lida B. Ingalls
8. Aids to Impurity in Both Sexes,       Rose W. Bryan, M.D.
9. Bad Hygiene vs. Virtue                Bessie V. Cushman, M.D.
10. Literature and Vice,                 Anna Garlin Spence
11. Responsibility of Parents,           Kate C. Bushnell, M.D.
12. Some Legal Aspects of the Question,  Martha K. Pearce, LL.B.
Price, single numbers.............................02
Ten numbers and over, at the rate of 50 cts. per 100,
(1/2 ct. each.)

1. The Wax Candle,                       Mary A. Lathbury
2. Clean Hands,                          Kate C. Bushnell, M.D.
3. Shield and Buckler,                   Jenny B. Merrill
4. Simplicity of Attire
   An Essential to Social Purity,        Josiah W. Leeds
5. School-Boy Morality
   (An Address to Mothers),              E. C. P.
6. Secrets,                              Kate C. Bushnell, M.D.

These leaflets are the first of a regular series of American tracts on
the social purity subject. They have a special cover design prepared
by Miss Mary A. Lathbury, are printed on fine paper and in good clear
Price, each.....................................$ .03
Price, per 100, at your expense by express.......2.00

Address the
Woman's Temperance Publication Association
161 La Salle Street, CHICAGO.
A copy of the following was furnished by Cousin Ann to Cousin
                              Page .13.          12-MAR-2004
Suzanne Ballard Sell who sent it to the editor. The paragraphs in
the original were so long that many of them have here been broken up
into smaller paragraphs for easier reading.
To the W.C.T.U. of Michigan:

When Christian men and women see an evil growing into the fabric of
human society, it is their duty to make an effort to overcome it lest
it become so stalwart and deep rooted that it will overthrow and
dethrone the kings and queens of home and social life. An awakened
public sentiment has discovered a danger to the home life, and there
is nothing so dear to the American heart as the home. More than any
other thought the protection of the home is gaining ascendancy in all
circles of thinkers and reformers. There are certain kinds of evil in
our social life which by common consent have been left untouched. This
let alone policy has utterly failed to even keep them in restraint.
The hush-a-bye method of treating that which tends to the degradation
of women gives to it a rank growth, and only a united and tremendous
effort will stamp it out. We approach this subject with awe, yet to
sit and stare at the mountains of difficulties will only broaden and
extend them until they would shut out the very light of heaven from
us. We have only to obey the "inner voice" that prompts us to "go
forward" against these evils at whatever hazard.

Is there one who has not felt the earthquakes that have reverberated
over land and sea, who has not heard the cry of distress from the
young lives that have been crippled, and the cry of alarm from the
mother heart for the safety of her offspring? I do not refer to those
subterranean disturbances that have agitated our physical world.
Startling as they have been, and with all of the loss of life and
waste of goods, they are but the merest trifles compared with the
mighty disturbance in the moral atmosphere that is rocking, but
revolutionizing public sentiment. Civilizations in the old world have
gone down because of the moral degradation of the people. Shall the
light of the nineteenth century go out from the same cause? It surely
would if there was no voice to cry out in the wilderness of iniquity
and startle the slumbering consciences of men and women into activity.

Such a voice has come to us from the mother country. For nearly twenty
years Mrs. Josephine Butler, the gifted wife of Canon Butler,
of Winchester Cathedral, London, has conducted a persistent and now
successful warfare against the legalization of vice. The death of her
only daughter turned her heart toward the lost and outcast daughters
of other mothers. From her cry, "Save the girls," sprang the cry "Save
our boys," and Miss Ellice Hopkins, a cultured lady of the Church
of England rose to the occasion. With the aid of the Bishop of
Durham, she is the founder of the White Cross Army, its literature
and its obligations. About three years ago Dr. DeCosta, rector of
the church of St. John, the Evangelist of New York, introduced the
movement into this country.

The Woman's Christian Temperance Union in its endeavor to "lend a
hand" to the uplifting of the home life, last year organized its
Social Purity Department, in part to extend the White Cross work,
                              Page .14.          12-MAR-2004
largely to cast out that other line of preventive work which must take
fast hold of the mother's teaching. This, Miss Willard
characterizes as the "shore line of our mission." "To purify the
springs of human life; to lift to the level of Christian consecration
powers the mightiest and most primal; to revive the age of chivalry
upon the spiritual plane." she claims is the "heavenly mission of
white ribbon women in these last days."

This is not an impractical work. We only shrink from it because we do
not realize the urgent necessity for such labor; because we are
deceived and deluded by the fair exterior of social life; and because
we have not risen to the full tide of our womanly energy. We are
coming to know that active, aggressive work for social purity should
find a place in every home and every school influence. When we realize
this, and when we feel the great throbbing pain of the pitying Christ
for dissolute and abandoned humanity, the needed courage and energy
will spring up within us. When we remember the multitude of horrible
crimes committed against defenseless girlhood and womanhood, it must
come to our thought that they have a beginning somewhere in the heart
and thought of men before we see them in their lives.

The White Cross pledge will be an efficient lever in uprooting this
beginning of evil in the minds of youths and younger men. Let us
examine its obligations:

1. To treat all women with respect, and endeavor to protect them from
wrong and degradation.

2. To endeavor to put down all indecent language and coarse jests.

3. To maintain the law of purity as equally binding upon men and

4. To endeavor to spread these principles among my companions, and try
to help my younger brothers.

5. To use all possible means to fulfill the command, "Keep thyself

Surely there is not a woman who has not an influence over some young
man to induce him to sign and keep such a noble pledge. There is not a
mother of boys who cannot present that pledge to her sons. If a band
of young men in every community could be persuaded to take these
obligations it would be a stepping stone to a nobler manhood, and a
happier companionship for the wives, sisters, mothers and daughters.

Give encouragement to this White Cross work. Let every mother supply
herself with these cards and influence her boys to take this pledge of
purity. I know of no reason why boys should not grow up as pure in
thought as girls, or why young men should not be as pure in life as
young women. Why should not women make such a public sentiment instead
of acquiescing in a sentiment that originates in the saloon and the

This tolerance among women, together with the absence of womanhood and
motherhood from public affairs has suffered the antagonisms of social
                              Page .15.          12-MAR-2004
life to rise up in the face of the home and let their poisonous vapors
flow into the home life, producing our unequal moral code for men and
women. There is a need for stronger and plainer teaching by the
ministry upon personal morality. White Cross and social purity
literature should be sown broadcast among our educators. W.C.T.U.
women can do no greater service to their country than to place in the
hands of every minister, teacher and physician a selected package of
this literature, for such an act will start an influence revolving
that will increase with every movement.

Another link in this chain is help for mothers. This we hope will be
wrought out through mother's meetings which should be inaugurated
wherever there is a temperance union; and through the literature that
is being framed for mother's counsels. It is needful that mothers sit
down for council together and devise means to keep the most
destructive of all wolves from the fold. A mothers' meeting should be
such as to give intelligent help to the mother's heart and mind in
training the little ones under her care, boys and girls alike, in
personal morality.

To whom should the child look if not to the mother for guidance in
both the physical habits and its habits of thinking? To meet the needs
of these mothers' meetings a series of leaflets have been prepared
that cover the events of the individual life. These should be taken up
in their order. Let one meeting each month be devoted to the reading
and discussion of these and kindred leaflets.

For price of leaflets and pledge cards, send for Woman's Temperance
Publication Association Bulletin, 161 LaSalle, Chicago.

This work for the young through mothers is the grandest and most
helpful we have undertaken. Mothers are ever ready to sacrifice
themselves, even unto death, for their children should they not learn
how to best give themselves to the ones they love the most. Will they
not be neglecting their high privilege if they do not make the moral
sentiment of the people? Do not, however, be discouraged if you can
not reach all mothers. I apprehend that Luther, when he was simply
and almost blindly following his great convictions, caught no vision
of the christian church of the nineteenth century. We, in our little
beginnings may not be able to see the results. It is our duty to
follow our convictions -- our labor and time will not be lost.

This is preventive work that I have been urging upon you, full of hope
and rich in the prospective fruitage of purer homes and a purer
people. But we must not forget that we have also reform work to do. It
is repugnant, it may be almost without promise, yet it must be done,
and done by women, though it take the nerve of martyrs, the courage of
heroes and the faith of saints. We can no longer ignore the brothel
and its inmates. Here is a power and an influence kindred with the
saloon. This "house of death" must be removed from the pathway of the
coming manhood and womanhood.

Let us not forget that Christ came not to call the righteous but
sinners to repentence. Women have worked with true hearts for fallen
men, but we must not forget that there are thousands of fallen ones
here whom the faithful hand of a woman can lead to a reformed life. It
                              Page .16.          12-MAR-2004
is said that the good or evil in individuals manifests itself
according to the feeling with which we approach them.

Josephine Butler has found moral possibilities in these outcast
women of which we never dreamed. The is no class of men, however
fallen in sin, so cut off from all the sympathies of humanity; yet
these thousands of women are scarcely prayed for among us. The
authorities of every town should be besieged to refuse to grant to
houses of ill-fame a saloon or restaurant license, as well as to close
them as a nuisance; and in every town there should be a band of
christian women who are ready to reach a hand to these fallen sisters,
both to save them and to take temptation away from the path of the
innocent and the weak.

We must be as persistent in this crusade as we have been and still are
against the saloon. This is a twin iniquity. The uprising against it
is not alone in a few hearts, nor confined to our own land, but from
England to India, from one continent to the other, even unto the
islands of the sea, among every enlightened people hearts are
reverberating to the one cry for a pure moral atmosphere. We never saw
public sentiment so awakened before, or personal responsibility so
aroused toward this mooted question. What has brought it? The heart
and brain of womanhood has peered out from the home nest to learn what
influence is blighting the aspirations and the hopes of the home. We
have come to believe that the serpent that is tolerated in the public
presence will not keep out of the home.

We must utilize every aid. The woman's pledge, "The White Shield,"
which is the companion to the "White Cross," we esteem an important
help in sustaining the moral tone of womanhood, in creating the demand
for an equal moral tone of manhood, and in keeping the feet of our
little sisters from thorny paths. Its five-fold obligations are these:

1. To uphold the law of purity as equally binding upon men and women.

2. To be modest in language, behavior and dress.

3. To avoid all conversation, reading, pictures and amusements which
may put impure thoughts into my mind.

4. To guard the purity of others, especially of the young.

5. To strive after the special blessing promised to the pure in heart.

Let the White Ribbon women be foremost in subscribing to this helpful
pledge, and let every hand that touches it be a missionary hand that
shall give it out to others, for "there is very much land to be

State Supt. of Dept. for Social Purity,
                              Page .17.          12-MAR-2004
CHAPTER: 004: Letter: L. Anna Ballard to Dorothy Mildred Ballard
The copy of the following letter draft was furnished by Cousin Ann
and was sent to the editor by Cousin Suzanne Ballard Sell. In two
or three places the letter is difficult to read. This was a draft of a
letter to Dorothy Mildred Ballard who was a great niece to L. Anna
Dorothy Mildred Ballard                              F.1907-1984
L. Anna Ballard, M.D.
312 N. Capitol Avenue
Lansing, Michigan
May 13, 1926
Miss Dorothy Mildred Ballard
Walters, Okla.
Dear Niece,

I am pleased whenever I see the name of a Ballard on the list of High
School graduates.

As a momento of the occasion, please accept a small package from my
library. I have always enjoyed my books. I enjoy their presence in my
home. They are like personal friends to me. But, I shall not always
have eyes to read them, and am glad to scatter some of them among the
younger generation. Every good book to me seems like a stepping stone
to accomplishment. While these books are by a past age writer, however
attractive or enticing present day writings may be, no library is
properly equipped unless the old standard authors are represented.

In whatever line of activity your future may be cast may joy and
success be yours is the sincere wish of your aunt,

L. Anna Ballard
CHAPTER: 005: Obituaries of L. Anna Ballard, M.D.
The following obituary appeared in the State Journal, Lansing,
Michigan, Wednesday, August 29, 1934. Dr. L. Anna Ballard died on
Dr. L. Anna Ballard, Who Died Recently, Active Pioneer Here.

First Woman Physician in City Associated with Leading Doctors.

Appreciation of the life of Dr. L. Anna Ballard, who died a few
days ago at the age of 86, is contained in a sketch sent to the State
Journal by a close friend. She was Lansing's first woman physician.
                              Page .18.          12-MAR-2004

According to the biography, Doctor Ballard was born in Lansing in
1848, which was the year in which the legislature first met here in
the so-called "temporary" capitol, the capital having been moved from
Detroit to Lansing township by legislative action the year previous.

The Lansing woman who was to make a name for herself as a doctor in
the state during her active years, attended the public school here and
later went to the Michigan Female college, conducted by the Rogers
sisters A. C. and Deliah, on the site now occupied by the Michigan
School for the Blind. As a matter of fact, though the sketch did not
mention it, the original building for the "college" forms the nucleus
for the present institution.

Miss Ballard's parents, who had migrated north the year she was
born, lived in one of Lansing's early business sections, on the east
bank of Grand river, where East Main street now intersects South Cedar
street. This was part of "Upper Town"; the other business section, now
informally termed "North Lansing," was "Lower Town". Miss Ballard
studied medicine at the University of Michigan, continuing her work in
a women's hospital in Chicago. This was followed by a period in which
she was in charge of the drug store of a Doctor Topping, a
brother-in-law, at DeWitt, with whom she studied medicine further. In
1869 and '70 she was a teacher in Central high school, but 10 years
later, having completed her medical studies, commenced the practise of
medicine in Lansing. Doctor Ballard was a successful physician,
winning the respect and friendship of her contemporaries, especially
Dr. Hulbert B. Shank (father of Dr. Rush J. Shank, another
well known doctor of a later day), and Dr. J. W. Hagadorn.

Active in civic matters as well as those touching on her own
profession, Dr. Ballard was identified with the work of her church,
the Y.W.C.A., the W.C.T.U., and Woman's club, and the Industrial Aid
society. She was influential in the organization of the first Lansing
Medical society. One of her addresses on a medical subject, before the
joint meeting of the judiciary committees of the legislative house and
senate, was considered so outstanding that a leading lawyer of the
upper house had the speech printed in pamphlet form and distributed to
lawyers throughout Michigan.

Mary B. DeLamarter, associate of Dr. Ballard as a teacher in
Central high school in the early '70s, wrote a poem in memory of the
late doctor, which was read at the funeral services.
In the above obituary Y.W.C.A stands for Young Women's Christian
Association. W.C.T.U stands for Women's Christian Temperance Union. In
the below obituary, what is today known as the United Methodist Church
used to be known as the Methodist Episcopal Church.
The following is a short obituary for L. Anna Ballard which
appeared on 23-AUG-1934.


                              Page .19.          12-MAR-2004
Dr. Anna Ballard

L. Anna Ballard, for half a century a practicing physician in
Lansing, died last Thursday at her home, 312 North Capitol Avenue.
Active in affairs of the medical profession, a Central Methodist
Episcopalian, YWCA worker, interested in the WCTU and the Literary
Club, Dr. Ballard rounded out a life of service to the community.
The following is from a typed page supplied by Cousin Ann which
pertains to the memorial service for L. Anna Ballard, M.D.
Au revoir Dr. Ballard

Dear comrade of those earlier years
     When life and hope were hand in hand,
When courage neutralized out fears,
     And purposes were bravely planned,--

You've gained that eminence in time
     Which crowns the efforts of the week,
Whose industry and patience climb
     To lofty summits which they seek.

Now you have laid your body down
     And passed unfettered to your goal,
And we can only dream the joy
     Of a released, immortal soul.

By Mary B. DeLamarter.

August 25, 1934.

Services at Estes-Leadley Funeral Home -- 1:30 p.m. Aug. 27, 1934.

Officiating Clergyman -- Rev. Louis DeLamarter.
Pipe Organ Selections -- Still Still With Thee
                         Lead Kindly Light
Rendered by Miss Mildred Koonaman.
Evening Song--Schuman

Pall Bearers
Dr. Lawrason
Dr. Ludlum
Dr. Stoffer
Mr. Leland Small
Mr. Floyd Curtis
Mr. John McClellan

Interment at Mt. Hope Cemetery, Lansing, Mich.
Died Thurs. Aug. 23/34
Age 86
Lot No.             Section
                              Page .20.          12-MAR-2004

Friends who called:   Lucy B. Lorenz           Della Pratt-Lemarad
Mrs. Mary Foley       J.E. McGillicuddy        Abbie Dills
Mrs. Nell Foley-Ryon  Harold A. Miller         Mrs. Avery & daughter
Mrs. Ida L. A. Moore  Lillian E. Rupp          Mrs. Tetters and
Elizabeth E. Brucker  Mrs. G. Aleaine          daughter.
Alice Frary           Helen C. Shaw            Dr. Stewart and
Mrs. Ella Boyce       Elizabeth Molitor        daughter Margaret.
Luina Sibley          Amelia Whitman           Miss Etta Wilber
Mrs. K. V. Richmand   J. Heimmelburger         Miss Crabbs
Mariam H. Richmand    Bertrand C. Link         Miss Wood
Mrs. Earl Kleinhenn   Grace Blakeslee Hartig   Mrs. Hull
Ruth E. Preston       Mrs. Fred Longyear       Mrs. Tuthill
Margaret A. Reilley   Mrs. Arthur Bailey       Herbert Stalker
Mrs. Clarence Cheney  Mrs. F. E. Church        Mr. and Mrs. Fred
Emma J. Manne         Mrs. O. C. Wheeler       Longyear.
Maud Stewart          Marguerite E. Wheeler
Another obituary follows. It was on the Internet at the sight for
Ingham Co, Michigan on the pages from
The State Journal
Lansing, Michigan, Friday, August 24, 1934

Veteran Woman Physician Had Practiced in Lansing Over Half Century Dr.
L. Anna Ballard, a lifelong resident of Lansing, who had practiced
medicine here for over 50 years, died Thursday afternoon at the
residence, 312 North Capitol avenue.

For several years Doctor Ballard was secretary-treasurer of the Ingham
County Medical society, of which she was made an honorary member a
number of years ago. She was a member of Central Methodist Episcopal
church, a charter member of the Y. M. C. A., in whose work she took a
very active part, serving as a member of the board for many years, and
an active member of the W. C. T. U. and of the Women's Literary club.

Doctor Ballard is survived by two sisters, Mrs. Alice B. Crosby of
Boston, Mass., and Mrs. William E. West of East Lansing, and several
nieces and nephews. Miss F. Adelaide Berridge had been her
companion for the past 40 years.

The body will be at the residence until time for funeral services,
which will be held at the Estes-Leadley Funeral home at 1:30 o'clock
Monday, the Rev. Louis Delamarter officiating. Interment will be in
Mt. Hope cemetery.

[Lansing's first female physician.]
CHAPTER: 006: Business Cards of Dr. L. Anna Ballard
Copies of two business cards have been furnished by Cousin Ann through
Cousin Suzanne Ballard Sell. Both cards have the printing the same
                              Page .21.          12-MAR-2004
but one has been changed by hand. The wording on both are below.
The below card is as printed.
L. Anna Ballard, M.D.
197 Washington Ave.
Lansing, Mich.

At Home
Before 9 A.M., after 5 P.M
Office Hours, 10 A.M. to 4 P.M.
The below card has handwritten changes to it which make it as follows.
L. Anna Ballard, M.D.
153 Washington Ave.
Lansing, Mich.

At Home
Before 9 A.M., after 6 P.M
Office Hours, 9 A.M. to 6 P.M.
The below is from a newspaper clipping supplied by Cousin Ann.
Dr. Anna Ballard has purchased from Dr. Foster the Fred Alsdorf
residence, Capitol Avenue, for $4500. The purchase was made through J.
W. Bailey. Dr. Ballard will take possession soon.
Below is another clipping from Cousin Ann. There is a hand written
date on it of 02-FEB.
It Happened Back in 1884


Dr. L. A. Ballard was the delegate from the Temperance union of
Lansing to the convention in Battle Creek. She was to read a paper on
CHAPTER: 007: Letter of Recommendation by G. W. Topping, M.D.
The following letter of recommendation from G. W. Topping, M.D.
was written regarding L. Anna Ballard by her sister's husband who
was a physician that L. Anna Ballard worked and studied under.

Curiously, the letter for all of its fine language does not seem today
to be a very strong letter of recommendation.
      G. W. Topping, M.D.,
                              Page .22.          12-MAR-2004
Physician, Surgeon and Druggist,
          Main Street
 De Witt, Mich. Nov. 12th 1874

To Whom it may concern.

I hereby certify that Dr. L. Anna Ballard has been in my employ as
a Drug Clerk and Book Keeper for between three and four years and gave
good Satisfaction during the entire time.

During this time, she conducted the major portion of my business
correspondence for which she is preeminently fitted being a ready
composer and a rapid plain and handsome writer.

She generally marked my goods and often attended to collections and
discharged her manifold duties with judgement, fidelity and dispatch.

I can most cheerfully and unhesitatingly recommend her to any one in
need of a clerk possessing the above named qualifications.

G. W. Topping, M.D.
CHAPTER: 008: Letter of Recognition to L. Anna Ballard, M.D.
The following letter of recognition and service was furnished by
Cousin Ann.
  J. Earl McIntyre, President, Lansing
  W. G. Wight, Vice President, Lansing
Max Wershow, Secretary-Treasurer, Lansing

      Ingham County Medical Society
    Office of the Secretary-Treasurer
     380 Capital National Bank Bldg.
             Lansing, Mich.
           December 25th, 1923

Dr. Anna L. Ballard,
312 No. Capitol Ave.,
Lansing, Michigan.

Dear Doctor Ballard;

In recognition of your long useful and ethical career; the profound
and genuine interest you have always manifested in the activities of
the Ingham County Medical Society during the active days of your
practice, the Ingham County Medical Society, by unanimous vote, wishes
to express its esteem and respect for you as a colleague and noble
citizen, by conferring upon you "Life Membership" in the Ingham County
Medical Society.

The kindest thoughts and warmest greetings are extended to you by the
society for this holiday season, with the hopes that God grant you
                              Page .23.          12-MAR-2004
many more happy and healthful returns of this day.

J. Earl McIntyre, President
Max Wershow, Secretary-Treasurer
CHAPTER: 009: Letter: Dr. T. Davis Fitch to L. Anna Ballard
The following letter notified L. Anna Ballard that she was to
receive the M.D. degree. A copy of this letter was furnished by Cousin
 Dr. T. Davis Fitch,
296 West Monroe Street

     Until 9 A.M
      1 to 3 P.M
  6:30 to 7:30 P.M.

Chicago, Feb 23rd 1878

Miss L. A. Ballard

It gives me great pleasure to inform you that you are recommended by
the faculty of the W. H. Med. College for the degree of M.D.

Commencement exercises at Clark St. M.E. Church, Thursday at 8 o'clock

Yours Very Truly
T. Davis Fitch
Sec. Faculty
CHAPTER: 010: Commencement: Woman's Hospital Medical College
This is the program for the commencement from the Woman's Hospital
Medical College indicating that L. Anna Ballard had received her
M.D. degree. A copy of this document was furnished by Cousin Suzanne
Ballard Sell who received it from Cousin Ann.
  Annual Commencement Exercises
             Of The
 Woman's Hospital Medical College
           Of Chicago
Tuesday Evening, February 28, 1878,
     Commencing at 8 o'clock,
             At The
    Clark Street M. E. Church,
                              Page .24.          12-MAR-2004
Corner Washington & Clark Streets.
       Session of 1877-'78.

Order of Exercises
II. PRAYER, by Rev. E. P. Goodwin, D.D.
IV. CONFERRING OF DEGREES, President Wm. H. Byford, M.D.
VI. VALEDICTORY ADDRESS, by Prof. Wm. E. Quine, M.D.
(Subject, Courage.)

Graduating Class, 1878.

Ellenora Stallard,         Iowa
L. Anna Ballard,           Michigan
Helen B. Bodelson,         Illinois
Clara Louise Normington,  Illinois
Auguste Max Hyacinth,      Illinois
Nannie A. Stephens,        Illinois
Lida E. Green,             Illinois

Summer Term, will commence Tuesday April 2d, and continue twelve
The following is a family history by L. Anna Ballard who was the
first woman physician in Lansing, Ingham Co, Michigan. From
internal evidence Anna wrote this account in 1922. This was about
twelve years before her death on 23-AUG-1934. The history is quoted in
full because of its great historical value. Appleton Ballard was
Anna's father.

The paragraphing has been increased for readability, and in two places
a pronoun was replaced with a title to clarify the passage. Also the
word Wilderness was capitalized because it is the name of the Civil
War battle field in Virginia.

Of particular interest is that Anna often used words which were much
more dramatic and striking than what one would normally use. One
example in which Anna does this is "extinguish the family" in the
family history below. Curiously, Anna's great niece, Dorothy Mildred
Ballard Ballew, not only looked quite a bit like Anna but also
often used words in this same fashion.

Ingham County is the county of Michigan in which Lansing is
located. Hartford, Vermont is in Windsor County right on the
Connecticut River. Liverpool is on the Atlantic coast of lower Nova
                              Page .25.          12-MAR-2004
Scotia, Canada.

Cousin Suzanne Ballard Sell noticed that Anna wrote inaccurately
that her brother, Alonzo Ballard, served in the First Regiment of
the Michigan Sharpshooters during the Civil War. Actually, Alonzo
Ballard served in Company C of the First Regiment of the United
States Sharpshooters. Similarly, another of Anna's brothers, Henry D.
Ballard, served in Company B of the Second Regiment of the United
States Sharpshooters.

By L. Anna Ballard, M.D.

Most pioneer history is preserved through personal recollections, or
family tradition. This record is a mixture of both methods.

The heads of the Ballard family of Ingham County originally came
from far east, Appleton Ballard having been born in Hartford,
Vermont and his wife Epiphene Ellenwood was born in Liverpool,
Nova Scotia. The Ellenwoods drifted into Vermont where the families
met and Epiphene and Appleton were married in 1830. The call of the
West brought them to Sparta, Ohio in 1836.

In April 1848 the family journeyed from southern Ohio to Lansing,
Michigan. Mr. Ballard with some other Ohio men having scouted the
country in the previous February. The family travelled by special
train of two canvas covered wagons driven by Mr. Ballard and the three
older boys, followed by a carriage driven by Mrs. Ballard, and with
her the two girls and the two small boys, the youngest two years old.
They were two weeks on the road.

For a few months they were housed in a plank house on the east bank of
Grand River, a block or two north of the bridge that once crossed from
Main Street to Cedar Street. The east side of the bend of the river
was for a time the prominent business center of the new city. The
first post office was located in Bush and Thomas' Store at the corner
of Main and Cedar Streets. Later businesses moved across the river, up
Main Street toward what became Washington Avenue.

The Ballards moved also, the writer of these reminiscences was born in
that plank house on the east bank of Grand River in July 1848. The
novel move that was made is not within her own recollections, but is,
however, well attested by family history. My father had brought some
lots on the south side of Main Street not far from the present
terminus of Grand Street and he had to exercise his ingenuity to get
that plank house with the mother and baby over to the new lots, for
carpenters and lumber were hard to get because settlers were coming in
so fast. So the plank house and contents were lifted onto a raft and
propelled up stream to the desired point.

There the balance of the year 1848 and first months of 1849 were
spent, then a farm was purchased south of Okemos and the next summer
was passed in the woods where the family took turns shaking hands with
"Mr. Ague". Some days they did not alternate, for I have heard the
boys tell that frequently they all had the "shakes" together and the
                              Page .26.          12-MAR-2004
only way they could get the cows home was to send the dog after them.

Another horror of that summer, particularly to my mother, was the
wolves. I have heard her tell of their howling around the house at
night, even scratching at the doors. Then the men of the neighborhood
would have wolf hunts, and for a time there would be peace at night.
The domestic animals had to be as safely housed as the families at
night, and all pens for pigs, calves, sheep and chickens were built
with high strong walls of logs.

Because of the danger of extinguishing the family if we remained near
the swamps, we moved into town again, and my father and brother David
conducted the big store of the town, on Washington Avenue about where
Capital National Bank now stands, where they sold everything under one
roof from silks to buffalo robes, from codfish to pitchforks without
the dignity of the modern department store. I have in my possession
some bills of invoice preserved from father's papers.

South of Allegan Street was the capitol block where the State House
was built. On the northwest corner of this block was the house where
the Auditor General lived. His name was Swegles. North of Ottawa
Street some cottages had been built and we lived in one of them. Those
houses stood until the Tussing Building was erected. Later, about 1852
we lived in the Bennett House, which for many years stood in the
middle of the block between Ionia and Shiawassee Streets, east side of
Washington Avenue. This block dropped down from the street and some
steps led down to the walk to the house.

Out of the principal hostelries of those years was the Ohio House on
Washington Street facing the south side of the Capitol block. When it
was sold our father purchased some of the dishes. One large blue and
white platter decorated with pastoral scenes is now a prized
possession of sister Alice (Mrs. W. O. Crosby). The Wests have it

One winter night the store burned. Father had a few months before
purchased a tract of land north of town, just within the present city
limits. I have the government deed by which Uncle Sam transferred the
land to Appleton Ballard. Before spring the house was enclosed and
the family moved in, and the boys were clearing off the forest of
heavy timber to make place for spring crops.

We did not see many horses in those days but the sturdy oxen did
valiant service in starting Lansing's prosperity. For a time the
family continued to attend the Free Baptist Church on Kalamazoo Street
between Washington and Capitol Avenues. I can remember riding on
Sunday mornings behind the ox team up Washington Avenue in a not very
straight path as we had to dodge the stumps, oftentimes with mud half
way to the hubs.

Later the First Methodist Church at North Lansing became the church of
the family, and through the remainder of his life my father was an
official member and class leader. His honesty and integrity were
unimpeachable, a man of large sympathies and generous impulses, he was
charitable, both in his opinions of others and his conduct toward
them. In his political preferences he was a Republican and a strong
                              Page .27.          12-MAR-2004
advocate of temperance, even radical on the subject. He spent the last
ten years of his life as a vegetable gardener, paying unusual
attention to the propagation of choice new varieties of vegetables.

Father died October 26, 1885, aged 76 years. Mother died March 31,
1888, aged 79 years. She had not only brought up her own ten children
but also three grandchildren who had become motherless. Not one of the
thirteen brought sorrow to that home, or failed to receive the respect
of their contemporaries. We pay homage, and justly, to great statesmen
and heroes, but the home is the center of all noble impulses and
influences. If there is anyone in the wide world who deserves the
plaudits of humanity it is the mother, wise, tender, patient and
faithful, not only to her own but to all about her as well. The entire
family of ten children, three of them born in Lansing, lived to adult
age and most of them to old age.

James Allen Ballard the eldest enlisted in 1861 in the Third
Michigan Infantry serving his country in the Civil War until he
dropped from heart disease on the march into the Wilderness in

Sindenia A. Ballard, after teaching school several years, married
Dr. G. W. Topping of Dewitt, Michigan. She died at the home of her
son in Columbus, Ohio, at the age of 66.

David E. Ballard in his early twenties (1857) became a pioneer of
Kansas, where he served the state under General Jim Lane through
border slavery troubles, while the historic John Brown was
shipping wagon loads of escaped negroes from Missouri into freedom.

In 1860 brother David was elected to the First Kansas Legislature.
Immediately at close of the session he organized Company H Second
Kansas Cavalry, of which he was First Lieutenant and commissioned
Captain. In 1865 he was appointed Quarter Master General of the State,
and in 1878 again elected to the State Legislature. Now at the age of
86 he is making Miami, Florida his home.

Henry D. Ballard also enlisted in 1861, in the Second Regiment of
Michigan Sharpshooters, serving in the ranks until badly wounded in
the shoulder, when he was transferred to hospital services. He died at
his home in Oshkosh, Wisconsin at the age of 78 years.

Eunice Ballard, who was possessed of an adventurous spirit and
missionary zeal, for some years taught at Government Indian Schools at
Sault St. Marie and Mt. Pleasant. At one time there was only one white
family within one hundred miles. She became the wife of Albert
Bowker of Mt. Pleasant and died at the age of 32 years.

Alonzo Ballard enlisted in 1861 at the age of seventeen in the
First Regiment of Michigan Sharpshooters. In that summer of '61 when
the drums were beating for the volunteers and squads of patriots were
daily testing their marksmanship, young Ballard hovered around
watching for a chance to show his skill with the rifle, and prove to
his father that he ought to join the sharpshooters.

Appleton Ballard already had three sons in the field and Alonzo
                              Page .28.          12-MAR-2004
was a slender lad, too young he thought for army life, but Alonzo's
chance came and he stood the test of rifle practice: however, it was
only when his father was convinced by nightly watching that if he did
not give his consent the boy would run away and find his way into the
army, that he won the privilege he was seeking. At the Battle of
Gettysburg he received a severe bullet wound in his side but served in
hospital duties to the close of the war. He later adopted Kansas for
his home where he died at the age of 74.

Benjamin Everett Ballard, though too young to go into the army,
was a host of help to his father during those war years. He died at
the residence of his son Henry E. Ballard at Nampa, Idaho,
December 17, 1917, aged 71 years.

L. Anna Ballard, the next in order of age, is living in Lansing.

Sarah M. Ballard, the wife of W. E. West, is living on their
farm northwest of the city.

Alice Ballard, the youngest, after graduating from Lansing High
School took a select course in Boston University and married W. O.
Crosby, Professor of Geology in the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology. Their home is at Jamaica Plains, Massachusetts.

One of my childhood memories is of the yearly visits of Chief
Okemos, who always came in time for dinner. We children looked
forward to these visits as one of the incidents of our lives. Once, I
remember, he had a young Indian lad with him, who was, no doubt, later
the young Chief Jim. This vicinity would appear to have been a
favorite camping ground of the Indians for long time past. As the
southwest corner of our farm, what is now East and McKinley Street,
was a considerable hill, which the boys worked at for years to level
down to the portion where the house was built. In the process of
grading they came upon an Indian skeleton in a sitting posture. The
skeleton was given to a doctor. It is my impression it was Dr. S. D.
Newbro, who practiced in North Lansing about that time.

The building of the Ramshorn Railroad was an important event in the
life of our city. We had our share in it as its track was diagonally
across the farm. Great was the day when the first train went through,
and long to be remembered was the first train load of soldier boys
bound for southern camps in 1861. Our own hearts were burning with
excitement for out from our home three boys were bound on the same
mission. The fourth enlisted in Kansas.

Most of the old place is still in the Ballard name, the farm house
with its great hewn timbers still stands on its original foundations,
not for some past year cleared, and there too is the big black walnut
tree in front that brother Henry Ballard transplanted from the
woods before he went into the army. For a time between the years 1853
and 1861, eight boys and girls went from this home with dinner baskets
to school. Two of them to the Michigan Female College and six to the
Cedar Street School.

When I first went to school Mr. Taylor was the principal and Mrs.
Taylor taught the primary. This Mr. and Mrs. Taylor were teachers
                              Page .29.          12-MAR-2004
of large influence in Lansing in the years from 1850 to 1860. They
first conducted a popular private school up town. While we lived up
there, sister Sindenia attended that school. I have a vivid
remembrance of one day going to school with her. It is the first event
I really remember. Doubtless the reason it made such a lasting
impression upon my mind is because the occurrence struck terror to my
young heart. At close of school we started home in the rain when a
cyclonic wind struck me. I was clinging to her hand as hard as I
could, she was trying to keep the umbrella over us, but the umbrella
was blown into space, and we were tumbled into the corner of a rail
fence somewhere about the three hundred block on South Capitol Avenue
and we were well drenched before we were able to pick ourselves up and
proceed those few blocks home. No doubt my discomfiture over a ruined
hat and dress had no small part in my distress.

One of the enjoyable memories of our Cedar Street School years was the
spelling contests. When we were about fourteen years old I remember
standing with two boys after the rest of the school had dropped out of
the long line around the room. The two boys were Dwight Smith and
Charlie Wood. I wonder if they would enjoy a spelling contest
today. A little later, there were the famous mental arithmetic drills
under the prince of teachers, Martin V. Rork, in which we tried
hard to compete with Russell Ostrander, the late Judge

The Michigan Female College, which was established in 1856 and
conducted by the Misses Abigail and Delila Rogers, was the
educational mecca for young people around Lansing. It was built in the
midst of a square of four blocks at the west end of Franklin Avenue
where is now the School for the Blind. Sister Sindenia was in the
first class that graduated. Miss Emma Haze, sister of Dr. R. A.
Haze, was also in that class. My brother Henry was a student
there, for although it was primarily a girls' school, a few boys were
admitted. I spent two years in the school, and after teaching a few
years, and later studying medicine and graduating at the Woman's
Medical College of Chicago, (now under the Northwestern University), I
filled the position of resident Physician in the Dr. Mary Thompson
Hospital for Women and Children for a year and returned to Lansing in
the spring of 1879 and entered the ranks of the physicians of the

Among my never fading memories is the courteous way I was received by
my brother physicians and the kindly help of those veterans of the
profession, Dr. H. B. Shank and Dr. J. W. Hagadorn. They have
passed on to their reward for their good deeds, not only for their
kindness to a pioneer woman physician, but also for their general
helpfulness to humanity.
CHART 012: Appleton Ballard                  \OSJSFA M.1809-1885
Appleton Ballard                             \OSJSFA M.1809-1885
        Born: 01-JUL-1809 Hartford, Windsor Co, Vermont
        Died: 26-OCT-1885 Lansing, Ingham Co, Michigan
        Father: Frederick Ballard             \OSJSF M.1780-1868
                              Page .30.          12-MAR-2004
        Mother: Sindenia Achsah Everett              F.1784-1857
Spouse: Epiphene Ellenwood                           F.1809-1888
        Married: 25-NOV-1830 Milton,Chittendon Co,Vermont
        Born: 09-SEP-1809 Liverpool, Nova Scotia
        Died: 31-MAR-1888 Lansing, Ingham Co, Michigan
        Father: Captain Benjamin Ellenwood           M.1783-1815
        Mother: Epiphene Nickerson                   F.    -

In 1836 they moved to Sparta, Morrow Co, Ohio. In 1848 they moved
to Lansing, Ingham Co, Michigan. Appleton ran a general store in
early Lansing, Michigan.

Captain Benjamin Ellenwood was the famous and successful British
privateer during the War of 1812 who was murdered by one of his own
crew after returning to Halifax Harbour, Nova Scotia and selling his
cargo in February 1815.
They had the following children.
James Allen Ballard                         \OSJSFAJ M.1831-1864
        Born: 18-DEC-1831
        Died: 05-MAY-1864 Virginia

James enlisted in 1861 in the Third Michigan Infantry, USA. He died
from heart disease in Virginia on the march into the Wilderness while
in the Union Army during the Civil War.
Sindenia Achsah Ballard                     \OSJSFAS F.1833-1899
        Born: 18-OCT-1833 Franklin, Franklin Co, Vermont
        Died: 10-NOV-1899 Columbus, Ohio
        Buried: DeWitt, Michigan
Spouse: George W. Topping  physician                 M.    -1895
        Married: 03-AUG-1865
        Died: JAN-1895 DeWitt, Michigan
        Buried: DeWitt, Michigan

G. W. Topping was a physician from Dewitt, Michigan. They lived in
DeWitt, Michigan until George died. Sindenia died at age 66 at the
home of her son in Columbus, Ohio. Sindenia was a Methodist. The son
was a druggist. Sindenia worked for a while as a school teacher in
Ingham Co, Michigan before her marriage.

They had the following son:
Child: George B. Topping                   \OSJSFASG M.    -
David Ellenwood Ballard  "Dave"             \OSJSFAD M.1836-
        See the chart for his family.
        Born: 20-MAR-1836 Franklin, Vermont
        Died: between 1922 and 1936
Spouse: Louise Bowen                                 F.1844-
        Born: 1844 Royalton, Vermont

In 1860 he was elected to the First Kansas Legislature. He organized
Company H Second Kansas Cavalry and was Captain. In 1865 he was
appointed Quartermaster General of Kansas. In 1878 he was again
elected to the Kansas Legislature. In 1899 David lived in Ballard's
                              Page .31.          12-MAR-2004
Falls, Kansas.

David retired to Miami, Florida and lived to be at least 86. David
achieved the rank of Colonel because in later life newspaper clippings
refer to him as Col. D. E. Ballard.
Henry D. Ballard                            \OSJSFAH M.1839-1917
        Born: 1839 Ohio
        Died: 29-AUG-1917

In 1861 he enlisted in the Second Regiment of the United States
Sharpshooters. After being wounded in the shoulder he transferred to
hospital services. He died at his home in Oshkosh, Wisconsin at age
78. In 1899 Henry lived in Oshkosh, Wisconsin.
Eunice L. Ballard  teacher                  \OSJSFAE F.    -
        Died: at age 31, Mt. Pleasant, Michigan
Spouse: Albert Bowker                                M.    -

She was a missionary teacher at Government Indian Schools at Sault St.
Marie and Mt. Pleasant, Michigan. Albert was from Mt. Pleasant,
Michigan. They had one child. They last lived at Oliver in Clinton
Co, Michigan.
Alonzo Ballard                              \OSJSFAA M.1843-1917
        Born: 24-AUG-1843 Sparta, Morrow Co, Ohio
        Died: 01-JAN-1917 Barnes, Washington Co, Kansas
        Buried: Maplewood Cem, Barnes, Washington Co, KS
Spouse1: Belinda Carmichael  "Belle"                 F.    -
Spouse2: Carrie Louise Dikeman                       F.    -
        Born: 04-APR
        Died: before 1917 in a lantern accident
        Buried: Maplewood Cem, Barnes, Washington Co, KS

Alonzo enlisted in 1861 in the First Regiment of the United States
Sharpshooters in the Union Army in the Civil War. He was wounded in
the side on the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg and did
hospital service during the rest of the Civil War. At least from 1893
Alonzo lived in Barnes, Washington Co, Kansas.

Alonzo and Belinda had one son who was in the Cherokee Strip Run for
land in what is today Oklahoma on 15-SEP-1893.
Child: Frederick Eugene Ballard            \OSJSFAAF M.1871-1926
Benjamin Everett Ballard                    \OSJSFAB M.1846-1917
        Born: 1846 Sparta, Ohio
        Died: 17-DEC-1917 Nampa, Idaho
Spouse: Anna Taylor                                  F.    -
        Married: 12-AUG-1874 Ingham Co, Michigan

Benjamin had the following son:
Child: Henry E. Ballard                    \OSJSFABH M.    -

Benjamin lived in Lansing, Michigan in 1899. Benjamin's son, Henry,
was a federal inspector of Post Offices in Nampa, Idaho.
                              Page .32.          12-MAR-2004
Lydia Anna Ballard  "Anna" physician        \OSJSFAL F.1848-1934
        Born: 21-JUL-1848 Lansing, Ingham Co, Michigan
        Died: 23-AUG-1934 Lansing, Ingham Co, Michigan
        Buried: New Hope Cemetery, Lansing, Michigan

Anna lived in Lansing, Michigan in 1899 and for nearly all of her
Sarah M. Ballard                            \OSJSFAR F.1851-1936
        See the chart for her family.
        Born: 12-NOV-1851 Lansing, Ingham Co, Michigan
        Died: at age 84 probably in 1936
        Buried: Mt. Hope Cemetery, Lansing, Ingham Co, MI
Spouse: William E. West                              M.    -
        Married: 10-OCT-1878 Ingham Co, Michigan

In 1899 Sarah lived in Lansing, Michigan.
Alice Alzina Ballard                        \OSJSFAI F.1854-
        See the chart for her family.
        Born: 21-JUL-1854 Lansing, Ingham Co, Michigan
Spouse: William Otis Crosby                 \OSJSFHW M.1850-1925
        Married: 04-SEP-1876
        Born: 14-JAN-1850 Decatur, Ohio
        Died: 31-DEC-1925 Jamaica Plains, Massachusetts
        Father: Francis William Crosby  b.NY         M.1823-
        Mother: Hannah Ballard Everett               F.    -
        Grandfather: Henry Sibley Crosby  b.NY       M.1788-1877
        Grandmother: Sarah Ann Capron  b.NY          F.1801-1893
        GGrandfather: Jeremiah Capron                M.1762-
        GGrandmother: Jerusha Hartsorn               F.1765-
        GGrandfather: Timothy Crosby,Jr              M.1762-1813
        GGrandmother: Cornelia Sibley                F.1768-1834
        GGGrandfather: Timothy Crosby                M.1736-
        GGGrandmother: Mary Morey                    F.1739-1776

William was Professor of Geology at the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology. They lived in Jamaica Plains, Massachusetts. Alice & W.O.
were cousins.
CHAPTER: 013: Descent of L. Anna Ballard from William Ballard
William Ballard The Immigrant                      \ M.1617-1689
John Ballard                                      \O M.1653-1715
Sherebiah Ballard                                \OS M.1688-1768
John Ballard                                    \OSJ M.1719-1758
Sherebiah Ballard                              \OSJS M.1745-1828
Frederick Ballard                             \OSJSF M.1780-1868
Appleton Ballard  "Appleton"                 \OSJSFA M.1809-1885
Lydia Anna Ballard  "Anna" physician        \OSJSFAL F.1848-1934
                              Page .33.          12-MAR-2004
The following is the line of descent for Elizabeth Palmer Peabody
from Francis Peabody.
Francis Peabody                                      M.1613-1698
Isaac Peabody                                        M.    -
Matthew Peabody                                      M.    -
Isaac Peabody                                        M.    -
Nathaniel Peabody                                    M.    -
Elizabeth Palmer Peabody                             F.1804-1894
The following is the line of descent for L. Anna Ballard from
Francis Peabody.
Francis Peabody                                      M.1613-1698
Sarah Peabody                                        F.1650-1732
Israel How                                           M.1692-1740
Sarah How                                            F.1721-1771
Sherebiah Ballard                              \OSJS M.1745-1828
Frederick Ballard                             \OSJSF M.1780-1868
Appleton Ballard  "Appleton"                 \OSJSFA M.1809-1885
Lydia Anna Ballard  "Anna" physician        \OSJSFAL F.1848-1934
L. Anna Ballard was a fourth cousin twice removed to Elizabeth
Palmer Peabody.
CHAPTER: 014: Other Well Known Persons Mentioned
Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell                              F.1821-1910

In 1849 Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman to graduate
from medical school anywhere.
Dr. William Heath Byford                             M.1817-1890

Dr. Byford was president of Woman's Hospital Medical College of
Chicago and was a noted physician in the Chicago area.
Josephine Elizabeth Grey Butler                      F.1828-1906

She promoted women's education and crusaded against brothels. She
strongly supported higher education for women. He husband was George
Butler. Josephine was an outstanding orator.
George Butler                                        M.    -1890

He was an English educator whose wife was Josephine Butler.
William Ellery Channing                              M.    -

Channing was the well known founder of Unitarianism.
Ralph Waldo Emerson                                  M.    -

                              Page .34.          12-MAR-2004
Emerson was the noted transcendentalist philosopher.
Edward Everett                                       M.    -

Edward Everett was President of Harvard University, governor of
Massachusetts and U.S. Senator from Massachusetts. He was the keynote
speaker at the dedication of the Gettysburg Cemetery.
Dr. John Harvey Kellogg                              M.1852-1943

Dr. Kellogg with his brother William Keith Kellogg started the
Kellogg Cereal Company at Battle Creek, Michigan. John Harvey
Kellogg was a well known surgeon who advocated proper eating and
Martin Luther                                        M.1483-1546

Dr. Martin Luther started the Protestant Reformation.
Russell Cowles Ostrander                             M.1851-1919

Justice Ostrander served on the Michigan Supreme Court.
Abigail C. Rogers                                    F.    -
Delia Rogers                                         F.    -1887

Abigail and Delia Rogers in 1856 founded Michigan Female College.
Dr. Sarah Hackett Stevenson                          F.    -

In 1875 Sarah Hackett Stevenson was an early doctor in Illinois.
Frances Elizabeth Caroline Willard                   F.1839-1898

Frances E. Willard was an American educator and reformer. A statue
of her is in the United States Capitol.
Elizabeth Palmer Peabody                             F.1804-1894

Elizabeth Palmer Peabody was a pioneering school teacher who in
1860 with her sister, Mary Tyler Peabody Mann, introduced
kindergarten to the United States. Ralph Waldo Emerson had been a
tutor to Elizabeth. Elizabeth and her sisters were distant cousins to
L. Anna Ballard. For many years Elizabeth worked closely with
William Ellery Channing.
Mary Tyler Peabody Mann                              F.1806-1887

Mary was married to Horace Mann who was famous in education. Mary was
the first woman publisher. She was a sister to Elizabeth Palmer
Sophia Amelia Peabody Hawthorne                      F.1809-1871

Sophia was married to Nathaniel Hawthorne. She was an artist and also
a published poet and novelist. She was a sister to Elizabeth Palmer
                              Page .35.          12-MAR-2004
Peabody and Mary Tyler Peabody Mann. They were distant cousins
to L. Anna Ballard.
?? DeCosta                                           M.    -
Bishop of Durham                                     M.    -
CHAPTER: 015: Other Persons Not Well Known Who Are Mentioned
Josiah Woodward Leeds                                M.1841-1908

Josiah was a Quaker who published works favoring social reform.
Jenny B. Merrill                                     F.    -
Martha K. Pearce                                     F.    -
Anna Garlin Spence                                   F.    -
Dr. Bessie V. Cushman                                F.    -
Dr. Rose W. Bryan                                    F.    -
Lida B. Ingalls                                      F.    -

In the 1880's she campained against tobacco and drugs.
Irma A. Jones                                        F.    -
Dr. Kate Lindsay                                     F.    -
Rev. A. G. Butler                                    M.    -
William Thomas Stead                                 M.1849-1912

William was a strict Puritan who favored social reform. He was last
seen standing in prayer on the deck of the Titanic. He was well known
as an editor and journalist.
Rev. J. M. Horsley                                   M.    -
Mary Artemsia Lathbury                               F.1841-1913

Mary was an artist and a writer of the words to hymns. She wrote the
lyrics to "Break Thou the Bread of Life".
Dr. Kate C. Bushnell                                 F.    -
Ellice Hopkins                                       F.    -
Chief Okemos Indian Chief                            M.    -1858
Chief Jim                                            M.    -
Dr. J. W. Hagadorn  of Lansing                       M.    -
Dr. Mary H. Thompson  founder of Chicago hospital    F.    -
Dr. Wm. E. Quine                                     M.    -
Ellenora Stallard                                    F.    -
Helen B. Bodelson                                    F.    -
Dr. T. Davis Fitch                                   M.    -
Rev. E. P. Goodwin, D.D                              M.    -
Clara Louise Normington                              F.    -
Auguste Max Hyacinth                                 F.    -
                              Page .36.          12-MAR-2004
Lida E. Green                                        F.    -
Nannie A. Stephens                                   F.    -
Dr. J. Earl McIntyre  of Lansing                     M.    -
Dr. W. G. Wight  of Lansing                          M.    -
Dr. Max Wershow  of Lansing                          M.    -
Dr. S. D. Newbro  of Lansing                         M.    -
Mr. Taylor Teacher in Lansing                        M.    -
Mrs. Taylor Teacher in Lansing                       F.    -
Martin V. Rork  of Lansing                           M.    -
Emma Haze  of Lansing                                F.    -
Dr. R. A. Haze  of Lansing                           M.    -
Dwight Smith  of Lansing                             M.    -
Charlie Wood  of Lansing                             M.    -
Dr. Hulbert B. Shank  of Lansing                 USA M.1820-1888
Dr. Rush J. Shank  of Lansing                    USA M.1848-
Rev. Louis DeLamarter  of Lansing                    M.    -
Mary B. DeLamarter  of Lansing                       F.    -
F. Adelaide Berridge  of Lansing                     F.    -
?? Swegles  of Lansing Auditor General               M.    -
?? Gladstone                                         M.    -
Dr. DeCasta                                          M.    -
Hon. C. I. Walker  of Michigan                       M.    -
Frances Power Cobbe                                  F.1822-1904

Frances was an English woman who promotted women's suffrage.
John Brown  of Kansas                                M.1800-1859
James H. Lane  of Kansas                             M.    -
Cousin Ann                                           F.    -
Suzanne Ballard Sell                                 F.    -
D La Pierre Ballard                                  M.    -
CHAPTER: 016: Biography of L. Anna Ballard, M.D
The following biography of Dr. L. Anna Ballard is from the book
Bros. Chicago, 1891.
Miss L. Anna Ballard, M.D.

In the capital city of Michigan there is no more popular or well-known
physician than the lady whose name initiates this sketch, and whose
portrait is presented on the opposite page. She is a woman of
intellectual superiority, of pleasing presence and manners, yet of
striking individuality. In the twelve years which she has devoted to
her profession in this city she has earned an enviable reputation in
the community and State and among the profession, as well as a
profitable and extensive practice which calls her to all parts of the
State for counsel among women.

                              Page .37.          12-MAR-2004
Her success in business has been such that at the death of her father
the family made her their choice to administer the affairs of the
estate. Dr. Ballard's paternal grandfather was Frederick Ballard,
who was born in New Hampshire and died in Sparta Ohio, at the good old
age of eighty-nine years. His eldest son, Appleton Ballard, was
born in Hanover, N. H., July 1, 1809. When he was a boy the family
removed to Vermont. Here he met Epiphene Ellenwood, to whom he was
married in 1830. In 1836 the family removed to Sparta, Ohio. In 1848
they came to Lansing, Ingham County, before the clay of railroads in
this State, spending two weeks on the road.

Four sons enlisted when the war broke out, one being but seventeen
years old. One found a grave in Virginia, the others returned, all
with battle marks.

Mr. Ballard spent the early years of his manhood as a shoemaker, later
as a merchant, and the last years as a vegetable gardener, paying
unusual attention to the propagation of choice new varieties of
vegetables. He was the owner of forty acres of land in the
northeastern part of the city. Before he died he had platted this into
city lots, and the farm is now known as Ballard's Addition to the city
of Lansing. In his political preferences he was a Republican and a
strong advocate of temperance, even radical on that subject. He became
a Christian at twenty years of age and during the greater part of his
life was connected with the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which body
he was for many years a Class-Leader. His whole life was marked by his
Christian faith and zeal. His honesty and integrity were
unimpeachable. A man of large sympathies and generous impulses, he was
charitable, both in his opinion of others and his conduct toward them.
His last words were, "I am near the end, my soul is ready." He died
October 26, 1885.

Epiphene Ellenwood was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, September 9,
1809. She was the only daughter of Benjamin Ellenwood, who was
Captain and owner of a merchant sailing craft between the West Indies
and Nova Scotia, and whose death occurred on the sea. Some years after
the death of the father the Ellenwood family removed to Vermont where
the daughter married Appleton Ballard. Mrs. Ballard was the mother
of ten children and cared for three motherless grandchildren during
their early years. She was a wise, tender, patient, faithful wife and
mother. She died March 31, 1888, at the residence of Dr. Ballard
with whom she had made her home after her husband's death. Mr. and
Mrs. Ballard celebrated their golden wedding, on Thanksgiving Day,
November 26,1880, at which time they were the recipients of sincerest
congratulations and substantial remembrances from hosts of friends.

The entire family of ten children lived to manhood and womanhood.
James Allen Ballard, the eldest, enlisted in 1861 in the Third
Michigan Infantry' serving his country faithfully until he dropped
dead on one of those Virginia marches, a victim of heart disease, May
5, 1864.

Sindenia A. Ballard married Dr. G. W. Topping, of DeWitt,
Clinton County, Mich.

David Ellenwood Ballard became a pioneer settler of Kansas. After
                              Page .38.          12-MAR-2004
seeing that State through its troubulous times he enlisted early in
the war and was made Quartermaster-General of his regiment. He has
continued a citizen of Kansas, being twice elected to the Legislature.
For some years he has resided at Ballard's Falls, Washington County,
owning there a magnificent farm of eighteen hundred acres, besides
valuable property at the county seat. He has a family of nine

Henry D. Ballard also enlisted in 1861, in the Second Regiment,
Michigan Sharpshooters, in which he did faithful service until
disabled by a bullet wound in the shoulder, when he was transferred to
hospital service until the close of the war. He is engaged in
gardening near Oshkosh, Wis.

Eunice Ballard who was possessed of an adventurous spirit and
missionary zeal, for some years taught Government Indian schools at
Sault St. Marie, and at Mt. Pleasant. At the latter place she married
Albert Bowker. After removing to a farm in Oliver, Clinton County,
she died leaving a young child.

Alonzo Ballard who went to the war at the age of seventeen, in the
First Regiment of Michigan Sharpshooters, has also adopted Kansas for
his home and is a successful merchant in Barnes, Washington County.

Benjamin Everett Ballard, the youngest son, is still a resident of
the old home place in Lansing.

Dr. L. Anna Ballard is the next in order of age.

Sarah M. Ballard married William E. West, and is living at

Alice Ballard, the youngest of the family, after graduating from
the Lansing High School, took a select course in Boston University,
and while there married her cousin, W. O. Crosby, professor of
geology in the Massachusetts School of Technology. Their home is a few
miles out of Boston.

Dr. L. Anna Ballard was born in this city July 21, 1848, the family
having come to the State the April previous. Her early life was spent
here and she was educated in the city schools and in the Misses
Rodger's Female College which in those years was a center of culture,
and from which her eldest sister had graduated before her. After
engaging in teaching for two years she entered the drug store of Dr.
Topping, at De Witt, where she continued for three years as drug
clerk and student of medicine.

Then taking a course in the medical department of Michigan University,
she went to Chicago and continued her studies, spending six months as
dispensary physician in the Hospital for Women and Children, which is
under the supervision of Dr. Mary H. Thompson. Following this she
entered the Woman's Medical College of Chicago, from which she was
graduated in the spring of 1878, receiving the degree of Doctor of
Medicine. On competitive examination she was given the position of
resident physician in the Hospital for Women and Children, which she
retained six months.
                              Page .39.          12-MAR-2004

To acquire still more knowledge and skill to administer to the ills of
humanity, she devoted a few months more to the work of dispensary
visiting physician, visiting those destitute women who were too ill to
go to the dispensary.

Thus equipped for her life work, in April, 1879, Dr. Ballard
returned to her childhood's home where she could give that care to her
aged father and mother that their declining health required. She
opened an office as physician and surgeon in the central part of the
city and with persistence won, and zealously maintained her position
in the front rank of the profession in the city.

She was one of the organizers of the Lansing Medical Society in 1882,
at which time she was elected Secretary and was continued in the
position for seven years, after which she was elected President,
holding the chair for one year. At the death of Dr. Shank, the
oldest physician of Lansing, the peculiar honor was paid Dr.
Ballard of being selected by him, and his selection being endorsed
by the Medical Society to deliver an address at his funeral in behalf
of the medical profession. In this effort she distinguished herself by
the eloquent eulogy paid the deceased friend and old physician, and
the noble plea made for the profession. For further particulars in
regard to this see sketch of Dr. Shank in another portion of this

Dr. Ballard has always taken an active part not only in all
progressive movements relating to science and art but also in
everything that promises to further the advancement of womankind in
every avenue of life. She identified herself with the work of the
Lansing Industrial Aid Society in 1879 and for several years has been
the First Vice-President and member of the Board of Trustees. She is
associated in the Lansing Chapter of the Eastern Star. She is a
promising member of the Lansing Woman's Club, an old literary society
that has been a potent agent in the community for the elevation of
literary tastes and in educating its members in business ventures, as
it owns its building, a handsome edifice in the center of the city,
erected in 1890, and in which property each member is a stockholder.

More than ten years ago Dr. Ballard found a large field for thought
and effort in the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. She has given
earnest labor to this work and occupied honorable positions. From 1887
to 1891 she was President of the Central Union of Lansing. In the
State organizations she has filled the Superintendencies of Social
Purity and Legislation. In the winter of 1887 she led the effort with
the State Legislature to amend the law on "age of consent," and
succeeded in getting the age raised from ten years to fourteen years.
Her address at this time before the Joint Judiciary Committee was an
earnest eloquent appeal, and was so highly esteemed that one of the
ablest lawyers in the Senate asked that it be published in leaflet
form and assisted in its distribution to the legal fraternity of the

Dr. Ballard's church relations are with the Methodist Episcopal body,
being a member of the Central Church of this city. Here too she has
not hesitated to exert her influence in a progressive way, and with a
                              Page .40.          12-MAR-2004
logical paper took part in a public discussion on the admission of
women to the Methodist General Conference.

The Young Woman's Christian Association finds in her an enthusiastic
worker and liberal supporter, and with her religious tendencies she
finds in this organization an ideal avenue for work of heart and

With the pen she is at home and is a fluent writer. The Transactions
of the State Medical Society of 1886 contains a valuable paper
presented by her to the society, recording original work and study.
She is the author of some of the best literature circulated by the
Woman's Christian Temperance Union. She takes the delight of an
educated and cultivated woman in current literature, and being an
advanced thinker with decision of character and opinions, but with
modesty and deference of manner, she is an interesting
conversationalist. Her life is characterized by simplicity and
integrity, which with her earnestness of purpose is endearing her to a
large circle of associates socially as well as professionally.
County Index
Chittendon Co  VT 30
Clinton Co     MI 31
Franklin Co    VT 30
Ingham Co      MI 20,24,25,29,30,31,32
Morrow Co      OH 30,31
Washington Co  KS 31
Windsor Co     VT 24,29
Count of counties=7
Person Index
F.    -                  Ann, Cousin 1,2,5,12,17,19,21,22,23,36
F.1854-     \OSJSFAI     Ballard, Alice Alzina 28,32,38
M.1843-1917 \OSJSFAA     Ballard, Alonzo 25,27,31,38
M.1809-1885 \OSJSFA      Ballard, Appleton 1,24,25,26,27,29,32,33,37
M.1846-1917 \OSJSFAB     Ballard, Benjamin Everett 28,31,38
M.    -                  Ballard, D La Pierre 36
M.1836-     \OSJSFAD     Ballard, David Ellenwood 27,30,31,37
F.1907-1984              Ballard, Dorothy Mildred 17,24
F.    -     \OSJSFAE     Ballard, Eunice L. 27,31,38
M.1780-1868 \OSJSF       Ballard, Frederick 29,32,33,37
M.1871-1926 \OSJSFAAF    Ballard, Frederick Eugene 1,31
M.1839-1917 \OSJSFAH     Ballard, Henry D. 25,27,28,31,38
M.    -     \OSJSFABH    Ballard, Henry E. 28,31
M.1831-1864 \OSJSFAJ     Ballard, James Allen 27,30,37
M.1653-1715 \O           Ballard, John 32
M.1719-1758 \OSJ         Ballard, John 32
F.1848-1934 \OSJSFAL     Ballard, Lydia Anna 1,2,12,17,18,19,21,22,23,
F.1851-1936 \OSJSFAR     Ballard, Sarah M. 28,32,38
M.1688-1768 \OS          Ballard, Sherebiah 32
M.1745-1828 \OSJS        Ballard, Sherebiah 32,33
F.1833-1899 \OSJSFAS     Ballard, Sindenia Achsah 27,30,37
                              Page .41.          12-MAR-2004
M.1617-1689 \            Ballard, William 32
F.    -                  Berridge, F. Adelaide 20,36
F.1821-1910              Blackwell, Dr. Elizabeth 5,9,10,33
F.    -                  Bodelson, Helen B. 24,35
F.1844-                  Bowen, Louise 30
M.    -                  Bowker, Albert 27,31,38
M.1800-1859              Brown, John 27,36
F.    -                  Bryan, Dr. Rose W. 12,35
F.    -                  Bushnell, Dr. Kate C. 12,35
M.    -1890              Butler, George 33
F.1828-1906              Butler, Josephine Elizabeth Grey 13,16,33
M.    -                  Butler, Rev. A. G. 11,13,35
M.1817-1890              Byford, Dr. William Heath 24,33
M.1762-                  Capron, Jeremiah 32
F.1801-1893              Capron, Sarah Ann 32
F.    -                  Carmichael, Belinda 31
M.    -                  Channing, William Ellery 33,34
F.1822-1904              Cobbe, Frances Power 7,36
M.1823-                  Crosby, Francis William 32
M.1788-1877              Crosby, Henry Sibley 32
M.1762-1813              Crosby, Timothy 32
M.1736-                  Crosby, Timothy 32
M.1850-1925 \OSJSFHW     Crosby, William Otis 26,28,32,38
F.    -                  Cushman, Dr. Bessie V. 12,35
M.    -                  DeCasta, Dr. 4,36
M.    -                  DeCosta, ?? 13,35
F.    -                  DeLamarter, Mary B. 18,19,36
M.    -                  DeLamarter, Rev. Louis 19,36
F.    -                  Dikeman, Carrie Louise 31
M.    -                  Durham, Bishop of 13,35
M.1783-1815              Ellenwood, Captain Benjamin 30,37
F.1809-1888              Ellenwood, Epiphene 25,30,37
M.    -                  Emerson, Ralph Waldo 33,34
M.    -                  Everett, Edward 34
F.    -                  Everett, Hannah Ballard 32
F.1784-1857              Everett, Sindenia Achsah 29
M.    -                  Fitch, Dr. T. Davis 23,35
M.    -                  Gladstone, ?? 2,36
M.    -                  Goodwin, Rev. E. P. 24,35
F.    -                  Green, Lida E. 24,35
M.    -                  Hagadorn, Dr. J. W. 18,29,35
F.1765-                  Hartsorn, Jerusha 32
M.    -                  Haze, Dr. R. A. 29,36
F.    -                  Haze, Emma 29,36
F.    -                  Hopkins, Ellice 11,12,13,35
M.    -                  Horsley, Rev. J. M. 11,35
M.1692-1740              How, Israel 33
F.1721-1771              How, Sarah 33
F.    -                  Hyacinth, Auguste Max 24,35
F.    -                  Ingalls, Lida B. 12,35
M.    -                  Jim, Chief 28,35
F.    -                  Jones, Irma A. 12,35
M.1852-1943              Kellogg, Dr. John Harvey 7,12,34
M.    -                  Lane, James H. 27,36
F.1841-1913              Lathbury, Mary Artemsia 11,12,35
M.1841-1908              Leeds, Josiah Woodward 12,35
                              Page .42.          12-MAR-2004
F.    -                  Lindsay, Dr. Kate 12,35
M.1483-1546              Luther, Martin 15,34
M.    -                  McIntyre, Dr. J. Earl 22,23,36
F.    -                  Merrill, Jenny B. 12,35
F.1739-1776              Morey, Mary 32
M.    -                  Newbro, Dr. S. D. 28,36
F.    -                  Nickerson, Epiphene 30
F.    -                  Normington, Clara Louise 24,35
M.    -1858              Okemos, Chief 28,35
M.1851-1919              Ostrander, Russell Cowles 29,34
F.1804-1894              Peabody, Elizabeth Palmer 7,32,33,34
M.1613-1698              Peabody, Francis 33
M.    -                  Peabody, Isaac 33
M.    -                  Peabody, Isaac 33
F.1806-1887              Peabody, Mary Tyler 34
M.    -                  Peabody, Matthew 33
M.    -                  Peabody, Nathaniel 33
F.1650-1732              Peabody, Sarah 33
F.1809-1871              Peabody, Sophia Amelia 34
F.    -                  Pearce, Martha K. 12,35
M.    -                  Quine, Dr. Wm. E. 24,35
F.    -                  Rogers, Abigail C. 18,34
F.    -1887              Rogers, Delia 29,34
M.    -                  Rork, Martin V. 29,36
F.    -                  Sell, Suzanne Ballard 1,5,12,17,20,23,25,36
M.1820-1888              Shank, Dr. Hulbert B. 18,29,36,39
M.1848-                  Shank, Dr. Rush J. 18,36
F.1768-1834              Sibley, Cornelia 32
M.    -                  Smith, Dwight 29,36
F.    -                  Spence, Anna Garlin 12,35
F.    -                  Stallard, Ellenora 24,35
M.1849-1912              Stead, William Thomas 11,35
F.    -                  Stephens, Nannie A. 24,36
F.    -                  Stevenson, Dr. Sarah Hackett 6,34
M.    -                  Swegles, ?? 26,36
F.    -                  Taylor, Anna 31
M.    -                  Taylor, Mr. 28,36
F.    -                  Taylor, Mrs. 28,36
F.    -                  Thompson, Dr. Mary H. 29,35,38
M.    -     \OSJSFASG    Topping, George B. 30
M.    -1895              Topping, George W. 18,21,27,30,37,38
M.    -                  Walker, Hon. C. I. 4,36
M.    -                  Wershow, Dr. Max 22,23,36
M.    -                  West, William E. 28,32,38
M.    -                  Wight, Dr. W. G. 22,36
F.1839-1898              Willard, Frances Elizabeth Caroline 6,8,11,
M.    -                  Wood, Charlie 29,36
Count of persons=124
Chapter Index
CHAP: 001: To: Judiciary Committee of Michigan Legislature           1
CHAP: 002: DANGER TO OUR GIRLS by L. Anna Ballard                    5
CHAP: 003: LETTER ON SOCIAL PURITY WORK, L. Anna Ballard            12
CHAP: 004: Letter: L. Anna Ballard to Dorothy Mildred Ballard       16
                              Page .43.          12-MAR-2004
CHAP: 005: Obituaries of L. Anna Ballard, M.D.                      17
CHAP: 006: Business Cards of Dr. L. Anna Ballard                    20
CHAP: 007: Letter of Recommendation by G. W. Topping, M.D.          21
CHAP: 008: Letter of Recognition to L. Anna Ballard, M.D.           22
CHAP: 009: Letter: Dr. T. Davis Fitch to L. Anna Ballard            23
CHAP: 010: Commencement: Woman's Hospital Medical College           23
CHAP: 011: THE APPLETON BALLARD FAMILY. by L. Anna Ballard, M.D.    24
CHART 012: Appleton Ballard                   \OSJSFA M.1809-1885   29
CHAP: 013: Descent of L. Anna Ballard from William Ballard          32
CHAP: 014: Other Well Known Persons Mentioned                       33
CHAP: 015: Other Persons Not Well Known Who Are Mentioned           35
CHAP: 016: Biography of L. Anna Ballard, M.D                        36
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